History

All information for previous years can now be found in the archive, click here.

October 22nd 2019

Another lively discussion where we further explored the Civil War after the execution of Charles 1st, leading up to the Restoration of the Monarchy in 1660. Next month on 26th November we will look at the following years, including the Great Plague, the Great Fire of London (including some excerpts from Pepys’ diary), right up to the turn of the century.
The December meeting falls on Christmas Eve which for some reason the group weren’t keen on coming to so, again, next month we will end with a discussion on the programme for 2020.
I am proud to say that over the years we have built up a very close knit and enthusiastic group of amateur historians. However, our number has grown significantly and in order for us to maintain cohesion, I have found it necessary to close the group to new members for now. If you are interested in joining us in the future please let me know and I will keep your name on record.

September 26th 2019

26th September 2019
 
Wet! Wet! Wet! And I’m not talking Marti Pellow here (although I could be persuaded at another time – but I digress!).  
 
No, the great British summer seemed to have disappeared as we set off, wellies and brollies aloft, on our long-awaited trip to Arkwright’s Mill in Cromford. Sadly a small number of our group felt unable to venture out in what was torrential rain, but those of us who braved it were more than amply rewarded.
Arriving at 11.30am, we were warmly welcomed by Jill our Tour Guide whose enthusiasm for the subject was infectious and the modern interpretation of the mills was amazing. Stopping only for a 45 minutes lunch break in the on-site cafe (which incidentally was excellent and very good value for money) we carried on for a tour of Cromford Village – truly a hidden gem for any historian.  
 
Highly recommended.

August 31st 2015

Following on from the recent very successful visit to Quarrybank Mill with BDU3A’s National Trust group, our history buffs will once again be going to t’mill, this time to Cromford on Tuesday 24th September.
In the meantime, we have been looking at the events leading up to the execution of King Charles I and on our return to “the office” in October, we will see how the country fared during the Civil War and what led to the restoration of the monarchy.
Come along, if you are interested, on 22nd October.

Tuesday 30th July 2019

They are a busy group, this lot! In the last month, they’ve been to Lumsdale Quarry, ahead of our visit to nearby Cromford Mills in September, and joined our BDU3A National Trust group on a visit to Quarrybank Mill. Reckon we’ll all be pretty clued up on local history, where the Industrial Revolution is concerned, by now.
However, attention has shifted to the Civil War with the roundheads and cavaliers. Already, our enthusiastic group members are putting together some very interesting little-known facts. For instance, did you know that cross-dressing was declared illegal at this time?
If you want to hear more of this fascinating part of our history (and its scary similarities to today’s political climate) come and join us at Bainbridge Hall on Tuesday 27th August from 2pm, when we will begin by looking at the timeline for this era.
Rose
Tuesday 25th June 2019
After quickly settling in to our new home at Bainbridge Hall we turned our attention to deciding on a new topic for discussion and research. It was unanimously agreed to focus on the British Civil War with its Roundheads and Cavaliers.
To get us into the mood it has been recommended that we watch the forthcoming BBC4 programmes called “Downfall of a King” (Charles I). These are being shown on three consecutive nights: – Tuesday 9th, Wednesday 10th and Thursday 11th July.
A reminder that Greg will be leading a visit to Lumsdale on Sunday 7th July. All those interested should meet him at the Oasis car park at 1pmprompt where car sharing can be allocated. It should be noted that this can be slightly difficult under foot.
Rose

10th June 2019

Following an open discussion with group members it was agreed by the majority to move future meetings to Bainbridge Hall, the first one being Tuesday 25th June at 2pm.
This seems an opportune time to bring our research into the Industrial Revolution to a close. Many thanks to all our group members for their hard work and for sharing their findings on this enthralling subject. At the beginning of the year we discussed other areas which were of interest to us all, one of which was the Civil War, and at our next meeting, in our new “home”, we will agree the way forward, whether it is with this subject or another. Either way we look forward to welcoming our happy band on 25th June.
Sadly the trip to the Back-to-Backs in Birmingham was cancelled because of lack of interest. However, I’m informed that the trip to Quarrybank Mill is still going ahead on 20th July so if you are interested please see Pat Dodds at the next general meeting on 19th June.

Tuesday 23rd April 2019

The group discussed the forthcoming visits to Lumsdale valley and
Cromford Mills.

The date for visiting Lumsdale Valley was confirmed as 7th July for
guided tour at 2.00pm for the cost of a voluntary donation to Cromford
Mills of £3 per head. Anyone wishing to take part in a car share to
contact Rose Bailey, although Lumsdale is easily accessible by the X17
service to Matlock, handy for anyone who wants to walk all the way
down the valley and catch the bus back to Chesterfield from Matlock.

The visit to Cromford Mills will take place on 24th September. It is
proposed to opt for a package consisting of a visit to “The Arkwright
Experience”, an audio visual presentation that lasts approximately half
an hour, followed by a Mill tour lasting an hour, After a break for
refreshment we would then go on a tour of Cromford village lasting
another hour. The whole package costing £12 per head. Again, anyone
wishing to take part in a car sharing arrangement contact Rose Bailey.
Times yet to be decided. We will need a minimum of 10 people for the
tours to go ahead.

Members of the History group also expressed interest in the
forthcoming tours of the Birmingham back to backs on the 8th June and
Quarry Bank Mill on the 20th July. Rose has been in touch with the NT
group who are organising these visits and will be reporting back to the History
group in due course.

Continuing our researches into the Industrial Revolution we had a
stimulating presentation on the Luddites. Increasing automation and
factory based production (of which Cromford was the first example) led
to large scale unemployment of skilled workers and their families.
This in turn led to an increase in the supply and a fall in the price of
labour, leading to lower wages as workers were rehired as deskilled
labourers in factories, if they were lucky. The alternative was
outright destitution. This led to considerable social unrest and the
appearance of machine wreckers as workers attempted to destroy the
factories and the machines that had caused the loss of their
livelihoods. (It also led to an increase in security at Cromford, as
the Mill was increasingly rebuilt to resemble a fortress). The
Luddites, the most notorious and celebrated of this breed of machine
wreckers were based in Nottingham, where Ludd was presented as being a
latter day Robin Hood, “Ludd” rhyming with “Hood”. The Luddites
flourished between 1811 and 1813. The Pentrich Revolution of 1817 was
orgnised by and ex-Luddite. The government response to the unrest was brutal,
with harsh sentences being handed out including execution and
transportation.

Another aspect of the response to the Industrial Revolution came from
the Arts, with artists like Joseph Wright of Derby celebrating
industrialism with paintings like “The forge” where significantly the
scene is lit by a white hot ingot of iron. This was followed by the
work of Turner, and his celebrated painting of “The Fighting
Temeraire” a veteran British warship of the Napoleonic wars being
towed up the Thames by a steam tug. Turner’s style had a profound
influence on the French Impressionists, most notably Claude Monet, who
also celebrated technology, most notably in his paintings of steam
locomotives and railway stations. A reaction to the Industrial
Revolution could be found in the rise of the Pre-Raphaelite
Brotherhood and the Arts and Crafts movements, in the mid 19th
century, both looking back
towards an idyllic pre-industrial age. We could have gone on and on
with this!

The next meeting of the History Group will take place on Tuesday 28th May

Tuesday  26th March 2019

Our research into the Industrial Revolution continued with
contributions on the development of the railways and the key role
played by George and Robert Stevenson. These were followed by a
contribution on the canals, most especially on the practice of
“legging” the boats through the tunnels. There was also a contribution
on living conditions in the cities, which included the delicate
subjects of personal hygiene, sanitation and disease which led to some
lively reminiscences on the sometimes primitive toilet facilities
existing within living memory.

The NT Group’s forthcoming visit to Quarry Bank Mill was discussed,
with a proposal for History group members to join in on this visit,
scheduled for Saturday 20th July.

The proposal to organise a visit to Cromford was further discussed.
A critical factor in siting industry is often the availability of
power, and in the days before steam this often meant ready access to
fast running water. This was available in abundance in the steep gorge
that was Lumsdale, where there were mills tapping into this power
source as far back as the 16th century, predating Cromford by about
200 years.
There are guided tours available at 2.00pm on four Sundays in the
year: 15th May, 7th July, 15th September and 27th October. No
prebooking required, just turn up.
We decided on 7th July* for a group tour. The valley is accessible by
public transport with the X17 stopping nearby. The tour takes about 90
minutes, and a voluntary donation of £3 is requested.
The steepness of the gorge makes it unsuitable for persons of limited
mobility. However, although a circular walk, it may be an option for
visitors to continue down the valley into Matlock and catch an X17 bus
back from there.
If anyone is interested in coming on this tour a car share could be
organised, in which case please contact either myself or Rose Bailey.

The date of Tuesday 24th September has been selected for our visit to
Cromford Mills. The Mills were established by Richard Arkwright for
spinning cotton in 1771 and Cromford was the first example in the
world of a modern factory based system of mass production, and for
this reason Cromford is now a World Heritage Site.
There are a number of options for guided tours, each lasting
approximately one hour each and individually priced at £4. They
include:
Mill tour
Village tour
Canals and Cotton Mills tour
Growing up at the Mills tour
Water, Wheels and Wealth tour

There is also a combined Mill and Village tour available lasting
approximately two hours priced at £8 per head. It may be possible to
negotiate other tour combinations if there is sufficient demand. A
minimum of ten persons per tour.
In addition there is also “The Arkwright Experience” an audio visual
presentation offered at the Visitor Centre lasting 30 minutes, which
would bring a full package tour of 2.5 hours at a total cost of £12
per head.
Some of the tours might prove demanding to members with limited
mobility: I will enquire as to whether there are any facilities (eg
wheelchairs or mobility scooters) available for use.
A range of catering options may also be laid on, ranging from a 30
minute break for hot drinks and biscuits at £2 per head to a one hour
break for a buffet lunch for £6.50 or £8 per head. Alternatively we
could just make our own arrangements: there are two very good cafes on
the site, and several others in Cromford village itself.

Some members of our group also asked about the possibility of
combining a visit to Cromford with a trip on the canal boat. This is
operated quite seperately from the Mills by the Friends of the
Cromford Canal and would need to be negotiated seperately with them.
Chartering the boat for up to 20 passengers would cost £160 for a two
hour round trip. However, it may be possible to plan the visit to the
Mills to allow free time for any members to book a trip on one of the
two daily scheduled sailings at 11am and 2pm at an additional reduced
rate cost of £8 per head.

Please contact.     interestgroups@bdu3a.com       For more details

Tuesday 26th February 2019

Our group had a lively discussion focusing on our current topic, the

Industrial Revolution, with contributions on working conditions in the

mills, health and safety being a low priority and virtually non

existent in the early days, with many horrific accidents. Working

hours were long and the workforce largely composed of women and

children. There were also contributions on transport, starting with

packhorses, carts, through to the development of canals and later the

railways. with a focus on the Chesterfield canal which linked

Chesterfield to the River Trent. Trips to Cromford Mill and the canal

basin there were discussed, with a possible additional trip to the

Lumsdale valley and the mills there, many of which predated the mills

at Cromford.